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I’m reading a textbook for my Assessment and Evaluation counseling class, and I’ve come across the four different views people take toward counseling.  I’ve studied these already in some previous class which I can’t now pinpoint, and found them interesting then as well.

In reading through these, it was immediately clear to me which one I am… and it explains why I am in school to become a counselor!

Here they are:

  • Moral Model: This client believes that people are responsible for their problems and solutions.  Clients who fit this model look on counselors as consultants who can help direct them to resources, such as self-help books and personal growth groups, that they can implement on their own.  They perceive themselves as lazy people who must work harder.  Clients seek stimulation from counselors to do what they know they must do.
  • Compensatory Model: This client believes people are not responsible for their problems but are responsible for solutions.  Clients with this point of view perceive counselors as advocates who can help them to overcome a problem that they did not cause (such as poor education).  They think of themselves as deprived individuals who must assert themselves.  Clients look to counselors for empowerment to help them correct situations that cause problems.
  • Enlightenment Model: This client believes people are responsible for their problems but not for solutions to the problems.  Clients who endorse this model look on counselors as saviors who can provide long-term care for them by means of ongoing support groups or other methods.  They see themselves as guilty individuals who must submit to a higher authority.  Clients expect counselors to help provide them with discipline they lack themselves.
  • Medical Model: This client believes people are not responsible for problems or solutions.  Clients who fit this model view counselors as experts who will be able to remedy their problems by external means (such as by prescribing a treatment program).  They regard themselves as ill people who must accept advice or treatment from the proper authority.  Clients expect counselors to prescribe the solution, which they will then follow.


I am absolutely the Moral Model.  I love self-help, and I view it as my responsibility to solve my own problems.

And I think that’s why I am drawn to being a counselor – because I enjoy that!

So which one are you???


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